Display image with a zoom = 1 with Matplotlib imshow() (how to?)


Question

I want to display an image (say 800x800) with Matplotlib.pyplot imshow() function but I want to display it so that one pixel of the image occupies one pixel on the screen (zoom factor = 1, no shrink, no stretch).

I'm a beginner, so do you know how to proceed?

1
24
11/8/2011 8:08:21 PM

Accepted Answer

Matplotlib isn't optimized for this. You'd be a bit better off with simpler options if you just want to display an image at one-pixel-to-one-pixel. (Have a look at Tkinter, for example.)

That having been said:

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np

# DPI, here, has _nothing_ to do with your screen's DPI.
dpi = 80.0
xpixels, ypixels = 800, 800

fig = plt.figure(figsize=(ypixels/dpi, xpixels/dpi), dpi=dpi)
fig.figimage(np.random.random((xpixels, ypixels)))
plt.show()

Or, if you really want to use imshow, you'll need to be a bit more verbose. However, this has the advantage of allowing you to zoom in, etc if desired.

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np

dpi = 80
margin = 0.05 # (5% of the width/height of the figure...)
xpixels, ypixels = 800, 800

# Make a figure big enough to accomodate an axis of xpixels by ypixels
# as well as the ticklabels, etc...
figsize = (1 + margin) * ypixels / dpi, (1 + margin) * xpixels / dpi

fig = plt.figure(figsize=figsize, dpi=dpi)
# Make the axis the right size...
ax = fig.add_axes([margin, margin, 1 - 2*margin, 1 - 2*margin])

ax.imshow(np.random.random((xpixels, ypixels)), interpolation='none')
plt.show()
24
5/26/2015 2:17:25 PM

If you don't really need matlibplot, here is the best way for me

import PIL.Image
from io import BytesIO
import IPython.display
import numpy as np
def showbytes(a):
    IPython.display.display(IPython.display.Image(data=a))

def showarray(a, fmt='png'):
    a = np.uint8(a)
    f = BytesIO()
    PIL.Image.fromarray(a).save(f, fmt)
    IPython.display.display(IPython.display.Image(data=f.getvalue()))

use showbytes() for show a image bytes string, and showarray() for show a numpy array.


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