matplotlib: Set markers for individual points on a line


Question

I have used matplotlib to plot lines on a figure. Now I would now like to set the style, specifically the marker, for individual points on the line. How do I do this?

Edit: to clarify my question, which was answered, I want to be able to set the style for individual markers on a line, not every marker on said line.

1
136
7/17/2013 2:37:16 PM

Accepted Answer

Specify the keyword args linestyle and/or marker in your call to plot.

For example, using a dashed line and blue circle markers:

plt.plot(range(10), linestyle='--', marker='o', color='b')

A shortcut call for the same thing:

plt.plot(range(10), '--bo')

example1

Here is a list of the possible line and marker styles:

================    ===============================
character           description
================    ===============================
   -                solid line style
   --               dashed line style
   -.               dash-dot line style
   :                dotted line style
   .                point marker
   ,                pixel marker
   o                circle marker
   v                triangle_down marker
   ^                triangle_up marker
   <                triangle_left marker
   >                triangle_right marker
   1                tri_down marker
   2                tri_up marker
   3                tri_left marker
   4                tri_right marker
   s                square marker
   p                pentagon marker
   *                star marker
   h                hexagon1 marker
   H                hexagon2 marker
   +                plus marker
   x                x marker
   D                diamond marker
   d                thin_diamond marker
   |                vline marker
   _                hline marker
================    ===============================

edit: with an example of marking an arbitrary subset of points, as requested in the comments:

import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

xs = np.linspace(-np.pi, np.pi, 30)
ys = np.sin(xs)
markers_on = [12, 17, 18, 19]
plt.plot(xs, ys, '-gD', markevery=markers_on)
plt.show()

example2

This last example using the markevery kwarg is possible in since 1.4+, due to the merge of this feature branch. If you are stuck on an older version of matplotlib, you can still achieve the result by overlaying a scatterplot on the line plot. See the edit history for more details.

266
5/23/2017 12:10:26 PM

There is a picture show all markers' name and description, i hope it will help you.

import matplotlib.pylab as plt
markers=['.',',','o','v','^','<','>','1','2','3','4','8','s','p','P','*','h','H','+','x','X','D','d','|','_']
descriptions=['point', 'pixel', 'circle', 'triangle_down', 'triangle_up','triangle_left', 'triangle_right', 'tri_down', 'tri_up', 'tri_left','tri_right', 'octagon', 'square', 'pentagon', 'plus (filled)','star', 'hexagon1', 'hexagon2', 'plus', 'x', 'x (filled)','diamond', 'thin_diamond', 'vline', 'hline']
x=[]
y=[]
for i in range(5):
    for j in range(5):
        x.append(i)
        y.append(j)
plt.figure()
for i,j,m,l in zip(x,y,markers,descriptions):
    plt.scatter(i,j,marker=m)
    plt.text(i-0.15,j+0.15,s=m+' : '+l)
plt.axis([-0.1,4.8,-0.1,4.5])
plt.tight_layout()
plt.axis('off')
plt.show()  

example1


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