Connecting postgresql with sqlalchemy


Question

I know this might be really a simple question but I don't know the solution. What is happening here when I try to connect to postgresql? I am self learner in this field of database and programming so please be gentle with me. When I try following code:

import sqlalchemy
db = sqlalchemy.create_engine('postgresql:///tutorial.db')

I get this error:

Traceback (most recent call last): File "", line 1, in db = sqlalchemy.create_engine('postgresql:///tutorial.db') File "C:\Python27\lib\site-packages\sqlalchemy-0.7.5dev-py2.7.egg\sqlalchemy\engine__init__.py", line 327, in create_engine return strategy.create(*args, **kwargs) File "C:\Python27\lib\site-packages\sqlalchemy-0.7.5dev-py2.7.egg\sqlalchemy\engine\strategies.py", line 64, in create dbapi = dialect_cls.dbapi(**dbapi_args) File "C:\Python27\lib\site-packages\sqlalchemy-0.7.5dev-py2.7.egg\sqlalchemy\dialects\postgresql\psycopg2.py", line 289, in dbapi psycopg = import('psycopg2') ImportError: No module named psycopg2

Do I need to install psycopg2 separately? What is the correct connection string for postgresql?

1
42
2/19/2012 10:17:44 PM

Accepted Answer

Yes, psycopg2 are basically the Python drivers for PostgreSQL that need to be installed separately.

A list of valid connection strings can be found here, yours is a bit off (you need to the username, the password and hostname as specified in the link below):

http://docs.sqlalchemy.org/en/latest/core/engines.html#postgresql

43
7/18/2016 10:50:44 AM

You would need to pip install SQLAlchemy and pip install psycopg2. An example of a SQLAlchemy connection string that uses psycopg2:

from sqlalchemy import create_engine
engine = create_engine('postgresql+psycopg2://user:password@hostname/database_name')

You could also connect to your database using the psycopg2 driver exclusively:

import psycopg2
conn_string = "host='localhost' dbname='my_database' user='postgres' password='secret'"
conn = psycopg2.connect(conn_string)

However, using the psycopg2 driver to connect does not take advantage of SQLAlchemy.


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