I know this might be really a simple question but I don't know the solution. What is happening here when I try to connect to postgresql? I am self learner in this field of database and programming so please be gentle with me. When I try following code:
import sqlalchemy db = sqlalchemy.create_engine('postgresql:///tutorial.db')
I get this error:
Traceback (most recent call last): File "", line 1, in db = sqlalchemy.create_engine('postgresql:///tutorial.db') File "C:\Python27\lib\site-packages\sqlalchemy-0.7.5dev-py2.7.egg\sqlalchemy\engine__init__.py", line 327, in create_engine return strategy.create(*args, **kwargs) File "C:\Python27\lib\site-packages\sqlalchemy-0.7.5dev-py2.7.egg\sqlalchemy\engine\strategies.py", line 64, in create dbapi = dialect_cls.dbapi(**dbapi_args) File "C:\Python27\lib\site-packages\sqlalchemy-0.7.5dev-py2.7.egg\sqlalchemy\dialects\postgresql\psycopg2.py", line 289, in dbapi psycopg = import('psycopg2') ImportError: No module named psycopg2
Do I need to install psycopg2 separately? What is the correct connection string for postgresql?
Yes, psycopg2 are basically the Python drivers for PostgreSQL that need to be installed separately.
A list of valid connection strings can be found here, yours is a bit off (you need to the username, the password and hostname as specified in the link below):
You would need to
pip install SQLAlchemy and
pip install psycopg2.
An example of a SQLAlchemy connection string that uses psycopg2:
from sqlalchemy import create_engine engine = create_engine('postgresql+psycopg2://user:password@hostname/database_name')
You could also connect to your database using the psycopg2 driver exclusively:
import psycopg2 conn_string = "host='localhost' dbname='my_database' user='postgres' password='secret'" conn = psycopg2.connect(conn_string)
However, using the psycopg2 driver to connect does not take advantage of SQLAlchemy.