Why gevent on a Flask app with Apache + mod_wsgi is raising NotImplementedError?


Question

I'm having an issue deploying my Flask app with Apache (mod_wsgi) and gevent on a shared hosting (Webfaction).

The application works fine in the development server provided by Flask, but when I try to deploy it I get the following error in log file:

[Tue Mar 13 15:48:24 2012] [error] Traceback (most recent call last):
[Tue Mar 13 15:48:24 2012] [error]   File "evdns.pxi", line 78, in gevent.core.__evdns_callback (gevent/core.c:6300)
[Tue Mar 13 15:48:24 2012] [error]   File "/home/username/.virtualenvs/staging/lib/python2.7/site-packages/gevent/hub.py", line 297, in switch_args
[Tue Mar 13 15:48:24 2012] [error]   File "/home/username/.virtualenvs/staging/lib/python2.7/site-packages/gevent/hub.py", line 290, in switch
[Tue Mar 13 15:48:24 2012] [error]   File "/home/username/.virtualenvs/staging/lib/python2.7/site-packages/gevent/hub.py", line 135, in get_hub
[Tue Mar 13 15:48:24 2012] [error] NotImplementedError: gevent is only usable from a single thread

I need gevent because I'm using the python-requests' async module to make concurrent HTTP requests. I tried to Google around but the only advice I found is to to call

from gevent import monkey
monkey.patch_all()

something that I already do in my code.

The value of WSGIDaemonProcess is:

WSGIDaemonProcess myapp processes=5 python-path=/home/myusername/webapps/myapp/lib/python2.7 threads=1

Here is my httpd.conf: http://pastebin.com/eWygicJH

Anybody has any advice to solve this issue?

1
4
3/14/2012 2:07:00 PM

Accepted Answer

It seems like i found the solution myself. The following directive solved my issue:

WSGIApplicationGroup %{GLOBAL}

The idea comes from another answer where it is suggested to set WSGIApplicationGroup to GLOBAL to solve a problem with a WSGI process that keep crashing. From WSGI documentation:

To force a specific WSGI application to be run within the very first Python sub interpreter created when Python is initialised, the WSGIApplicationGroup directive should be used and the group set to '%{GLOBAL}'.

Cannot fully understand why this directive solve my issue but it does. I will be more than happy if someone is able to explain this to me in plain English ;-)

2
5/23/2017 12:15:03 PM

Try replacing monkey.patch_all() with monkey.patch_all(thread=False). If it's really the threading module which is causing the trouble when patched, this should solve it. request does not use threading.


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